There are many types of microphones for video recording, but I personally like to use a lavalier microphone, lav and sometimes called a lapel microphone.
The lapel microphone is a small microphone that is placed on a piece of clothing, near the face at chest level. Its main advantage is that it allows us to move or walk while still capturing sound.
Most of these microphones are omnidirectional, meaning that they pick up audio coming from any angle, so it doesn’t really matter which direction the sound comes from.
This type of microphone is very useful for interviews; I use it a lot when I do wedding videos to capture the audio of the bride and groom.
Table of Contents
- Where to place lavalier microphone?
- How to place lavalier microphone?
- How to connect lavalier microphone?
Where to place lavalier microphone?
The ideal place to place the microphone is at chest height, as that is where we will capture the best sound.
How to place lavalier microphone?
It is very important to place the microphone in such a way that it does not make friction and no contact with clothing, to avoid generating sounds that damage the audio.
To place the microphone correctly, first remove the wind filter or pop protection (if you have one) and insert the microphone through the hole in the mounting clip with the microphone facing outward, then open the clip and pass the cable to make a half circle, close the clip, then create a full circle with the cable and finish by placing it in the small gap. In this way the wire goes down and it will be hidden behind the jacket.
If the person who is going to have the microphone has a t-shirt or shirt, you can place it on the neck, the important thing is that it does not make contact with the fabric.
If you do not want the microphone to be visible, I recommend using medical tape or surgical tape. Take a piece and create a triangle with the adhesive side out, make two triangles and place the microphone in the center and make a kind of sandwich. This will allow you to stick the microphone to the skin or directly onto clothing.
How to connect lavalier microphone?
There are many ways to connect the microphone to capture audio, but let’s look at the main ones.
If you are going to use a microphone with your phone, either because you are going to use it as a recorder or you are going to record a video directly with the phone, you must take into account that the microphone is compatible with phones. I use the Rode smartLav +.
If you want to record directly to the camera, I recommend the Rode Lavalier. which has a standard microphone connector.
Because I have the smartLav +, which is designed for phones, I need an adapter. Rode differentiates the compatibility of the microphones very well, when they are gray they are compatible with phones and when they are black they work with everything else.
If you need more distance between the camera and the microphone, I recommend an extension.
If you want full freedom to move, I recommend a wireless system, I use the Rode Wireless Go, I simply connect the receiver directly to the audio input of the camera, and the lav microphone to the transmitter.
The Wireless Go already has a built-in microphone and is very useful when we do not have much time to place the lapel microphone, but I prefer to use the lav mic because it looks aesthetically better.