There are many types of microphones for video recording, but I personally like to use a bullet microphone, lav and sometimes called a lavalier microphone.
The lapel microphone is a small microphone that is placed on a piece of clothing, close to the face at chest level. Its main advantage is that it allows us to move or walk while still capturing sound.
Most of these microphones are omnidirectional, meaning they pick up audio coming from any angle, so it doesn’t really matter which direction the sound is coming from.
This type of microphone is very useful for interviews; I use it a lot when I do wedding videos to capture the audio of the bride and groom.
Where to place the microphone?
The ideal place to place the microphone is at chest height, as this is where we will capture the best sound.
How to place it?
It is very important to place the microphone in such a way that there is no friction and no contact with clothing, to avoid generating sounds that may damage the audio.
To place the microphone correctly, first remove the wind filter (if present) and insert the microphone through the hole in the clip with the microphone facing outward, then open the clip and pass the cable through to make a half moon, close the clip, then create a full circle with the cable and finish by placing it in the slot where the teeth of the clip are located. This way the cable is downward and hidden behind the garment.
If the person who is going to have the microphone has a flannel, T-shirt or shirt, you can place it on the neck, the important thing is that it does not make contact with the fabric.
If you want to keep the microphone out of sight, I recommend using surgical tape. Take a piece and create a triangle with the adhesive side facing out, make two triangles and place the microphone in the center and make a special sandwich. This will allow you to attach the microphone to the skin or directly to clothing.
How to connect it?
There are many ways to connect the microphone to capture audio, but let’s look at the main ones.
If you are going to use a microphone with your phone, either because you are going to use it as a recorder or you are going to record a video directly with the cell phone, you should take into account that the microphone is compatible with phones. I use the Rode smartLav +.
If you want to record directly into the camera, I recommend the Rode Lavalier. which has a standard microphone connector.
Since I have the smartLav + which is designed for phones, I need an adapter. Rode differentiates very well the compatibility of the microphones, when they are gray they are for telephone and when they are black they are for everything else.
If you need more distance between the camera and the microphone, I recommend an extension.
If you want full freedom I recommend a wireless system, I use the Rode Wireless Go, I simply connect the receiver directly to the audio input of the camera and the bullet microphone to the transmitter on the audio input.
The Wireless Go already has a built-in microphone and is very useful when we do not have much time to place the lapel microphone, but I like to use the bullet microphone better because it looks aesthetically better.